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Vaccines against COVID-19

2021 has started full of hope and positivism thanks to the arrival of the vaccines. However, we all have the same questions regarding this matter. And, since we like to keep our readers up-to-date, in Calvet we have decided to look for the answers to those questions to give you some light regarding the quantity of information we can find on the net.

Can a COVID-19 vaccine make me sick with COVID-19?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) official website: “No. None of the authorized and recommended COVID-19 vaccines or COVID-19 vaccines currently in development in the United States contain the live virus that causes COVID-19. This means that a COVID-19 vaccine cannot make you sick with COVID-19”. And they also that “Based on what we know about vaccines for other diseases, and on the first data from the clinical trials, experts think that getting vaccinated from COVID-19 could prevent you from getting severely sick even if you get infected”.

How COVID-19 vaccines work?

COVID-19 vaccines help our bodies develop immunity to the virus that causes COVID-19 without us having to get the illness. As already stated, there are several vaccines that work in different ways to offer protection, but with all types of vaccines, the body is left with a supply of “memory” T-lymphocytes as well as B-lymphocytes that will remember how to fight that virus in the future. These lymphocytes function is closely related to the immune defense mechanisms. They produce antibodies that are used to attack invading bacteria, viruses, and toxins. Usually, after vaccination, the organism takes some weeks to produce these lymphocytes so it is possible for a person, if they do not take care of themselves, to get sick with COVID-19 just before or after getting vaccinated because the vaccine has not had enough time to produce defenses.

How are they applied?

Depending on the specific vaccine you get, you will have to get a second dose 3 or 4 weeks after the first one. The first dose starts to generate protection and the second dose is necessary to get the maximum protection the vaccine provides, which is 7 to 14 days after vaccination.

Do they have secondary effects?

CDC also states that “Usually, after vaccination, the process of building immunity can cause symptoms, such as fever. These symptoms are normal and are a sign that the body is building immunity”. Pregnant women and those women breastfeeding their children should ask their doctor before getting vaccinated. If they have any disease that should be taken into account, their general doctor will be able to asses their situation in order to consider benefits and risks.

Who gill get vaccinated first?

According to the “COVID-19 vaccination strategy in Spain”, published by the Spanish Health Ministry, in the first stage the number of vaccine doses will be limited, this is why priority will be given to people from the following population groups:

  1. Residents and health and social care personnel in care homes for the elderly and the disabled.
  2. Front-line health personnel.
  3. Other health and social health personnel.
  4. Dependent people with disabilities who require intensive support measures (non- institutionalized highly dependents).

And they add on their website that “the number of vaccines being acquired in the European Union is intended to guarantee that there are vaccines for every citizen. However, the final number of doses that we will have available will depend on the vaccines finally authorized. For this reason, we are signing purchase agreements for a much higher quantity than necessary”.

Is it mandatory?

COVID-19 vaccination is not mandatory, however, medical counsels and groups ask, appeling for solidarity with all the population more impacted, for the vaccination for the entire population in order to put an end to the pandemic as soon as possible.

Do I have to pay for the vaccines?

No, vaccines are free as well as the vaccination process.

When will be able to get back to our normal life?

COVID-19 vaccines are one of the main tools to put a stop to the pandemic, however it is important to keep using masks, washing your hand frequently, using hand sanitizer and maintaining the social distancing, since these measures reduce the probability of exposure to and/or propagation of the virus to other people. It is also vital to avoid big groups of people because the risk level for virus exposure increases with the number of people you are in contact with.

Presently, we will have to wait to get back to our life as we knew it. But, if we follow the guidelines and we take care of ourselves so we can take care of our family and friends, we will soon be able to hug and enjoy the smiles once again.

From Calvet, we hope that the year 2021 will be full of health and that we will all be closer to the people we love.

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